Khentii is one of the 21 regions of Mongolia located 330 km east of the capital Ulaanbaatar (UB). The herders grouped under Sustainable Cashmere Union (SCU) are located in 2 departments: Murun and Binder. The Khentii region is famous for its local red Galshar breed as well as the Bayandelger breed which comes from the neighboring Sukhbaatar region, accounting for 90% of the goats.
Khentii region is in the basin of Kherlen and Onon rivers, its area is 80.3 square miles. The ecosystem is varied, it consists of a large part of the Khentii mountain range, vast hilly steppe in the south and center, and wooded mountain steppe in the north. The climate is continental, marked by very strong thermal amplitudes on the scale of the day as of the year (January -33°C, July 29°C). Average temperatures are negative 6 months of the year, from mid-October to mid-April. Precipitation is low -262 mm on average- and variable from one year to the next; it falls mostly in sudden showers during the summer -90% between May 1 and September 30-, when evaporation is highest.
4.7 million head of livestock, including 1.6 million goats, graze in this ecosystem. In the northern part of the region cattle breeding predominates, small ruminant breeding (goats and sheep) is practiced throughout the hilly steppe area where they exploit the grasses but also a little in the forest areas -where the wolf is still very present- which requires more work and care than in the open steppe area.
The Khentii province is famous for its quality of cashmere, combed before the spring storms – giving a better yield of down after dehairing -. It is also in this region that we find the beige cashmere. It is also known for its ethnic minority, the Buryats, who live in log houses.